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By James P. Millard
The Ticonderoga/Mt. Independence historic region is truly one of the most storied locations in American history. Long a site of Native American encampments and villages, the region was probably first visited by Europeans when Samuel de Champlain explored the lake in 1609. It is possible that his infamous battle with the Iroquois took place upon the Ticonderoga peninsula.
During the French and Indian War, countless incidents took place here as the region's strategic importance came to the fore as the start of the great Portage to Lake George and points south. Robert Rogers and his famous Rangers skirmished here, the stunning upset of Abercrombie's mighty army took place upon the Heights of Carillon and the mighty fortress of Carillon/Ticonderoga was built upon the rocky outcropping at the foot of Serpent a Sonnette, later to be known as Mt. Defiance.
Unfortunately for the Americans, early warnings about the necessity of arming the heights of Mt. Defiance went unheeded. General Burgoyne quickly noticed this fatal error and had cannon dragged to the summit of the mountain. Their position now untenable at best, the Americans were forced to evacuate Ticonderoga and Mt. Independence, fleeing south by land and up the lake towards Skenesborough. A gallant delaying action was fought at Hubbardton.
|Clicking on the aerial photograph above will take you to an account of what happened in that particular area. A new window will open. |
Aerial photograph courtesy of Doug and Mark Harwood. Click HERE to learn more about the photographers.
Other Historic Region Aerial Photographs on America's Historic Lakes:
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James P. Millard
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South Hero, Vermont 05486-0262
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