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Historic Flags
of the
Lake Champlain and Lake George Area

By James P. Millard

French Naval Ensign   British Union Jack   American Grand Union  United States 15-star flag
                                                                                                                  Credit: National Park Service
(Click on the thumbnails to see a full size image)

French Naval Ensign   British Union Jack    American Grand Union    United States 15 star flag

French Naval Ensign:French Naval Ensign
   The all white flag of La Marine Royale (sometimes known as the Bourbon Banner) was flown over all French fortresses in New France. Some of the places this ensign would have been seen are Fort Saint Frederic, Fort Carillon, the French forts on the Richelieu and perhaps at Fort Saint Anne on Isle la Motte. This photo was taken at the site of Fort Saint Frederic in Crown Point.

British Union Jack:British Union Jack
This is the banner that flew over all of His Majesty's fortresses in New England. Noticeably absent are the thin red stripes that grace the modern day flag of Great Britain. It was seen at Fort William Henry, the fort at Crown Point and Ticonderoga. This flag flies over His Majesty's fort at Crown Point.


American Grand Union:American Grand Union
    Though never officially sanctioned by the Continental Congress, this flag came to symbolize the American cause during the Revolution. It was first referred to as "Grand Union" in a letter of George Washington. It is believed to have flown at Ticonderoga and Mt. Independence. This photo was taken at Mt. Independence.


United States of America:United States 15-star flag
    15 star American flag. This flag with 15 stars and 15 stripes was unique among American flags. Adopted by Congress in 1795 after Vermont and Kentucky were added to the Union, it was the official flag until 1818.  It would have graced the cities of Plattsburgh and Burlington during the  War of 1812 engagements at those places. It also would have flown from the American fleet during the Battle of Plattsburgh and would have been seen at Vergennes and Fort Cassin at the mouth of the Otter Creek. This photo was taken at Ft. McHenry National Monument and National Shrine in Baltimore. Photo credit: National Park Service

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